Another cause of Ball of Foot Pain is over-pronation. Over-pronation (or excess pronation) occurs in a lot of people, especially as they get older. The arches drop and feet and ankles tend to roll inwards. Excessive pronation is a major contributing cause to heel pain and heel spurs, but it also can lead to Metatarsalgia. As the longitidunal arch collapses so does the transverse arch. The transverse arch is the arch that runs across the forefoot and is formed by the 5 metatarsal bones. The bones in the foot drop and the structure of the foot is severely weakened.
Sudden increase in the frequency of repetitive activity involving the Achilles tendon, burdens the tendon with too much pressure in a short time. This results in a micro-injury of the tendon fibers. Since the stress is continuously applied, even after the micro-injury, the body is unable to repair the damage. The tendon structure gets altered and leads to intense, continuous pain. Heel pain can have many causes but the vast majority is caused by plantar fasciitis. Plantar means, “bottom of the foot.” Fascia is a ligament or “bundle” of ligaments. The plantar fascia is the thick ligament that helps to hold up the foot and provide spring in our step.
Turf toe occurs due to vigorous upward bending of the first toe joint, causing a sprain. It is so named because it is a common injury suffered by athletes who play on artificial turf. According to SportsInjuryClinic.net, symptoms include pain and swelling at the big toe joint, possibly extending down into the ball of the foot. It is also possible to sustain a sprain in the middle of the foot, causing pain and swelling as well as some local bruising. Mid-foot sprains typically occur as a result of an athletic injury or fall. Puncture Wounds and Cuts
Research has shown that by far the most effective way to treat heel pain, plantar fasciitis and heel spurs is wearing a corrective device inside the shoe. Orthotics are designed to correct the problem of over-pronation, the major cause of plantar fasciitis and heel pain. Orthotics support the arches and control abnormal motion of the feet, thereby greatly reducing the tension in the plantar fascia band. Especially when combined with daily exercises, orthotics will provide relief to the majority of heel pain sufferers. Restrict activities that aggravate the condition. If you are going to do a lot of walking or running, try to stay on softer surfaces.
Constant plantar flexion can lead to foot problems like heel pain, flat feet, abrupt changes in daily activities and tight achilles tendinitis. But these problems caused by plantar flexion are easily curable by following some exercises as listed below. To prevent aching feet, one needs to strengthen lower leg muscles and shin splints. Athletic activities stress the ankles to a great extent. Even walking and standing for long durations of time can cause pain in the ankles. So, to strengthen ankles and leg muscles, plantar flexion exercises are a must. Following are some best suggested exercises to get rid of plantar flexion pain!
What makes flat arch pain worse is lack of support in the foot itself. Stiff arch supports that are too high and don’t bend can worsen a flat arch problem rather than fix it. Arch supports should bend with the foot and feel comfortable rather than straining. Walking with the toes faced inward (again, ‘pigeon-toed) and trying to walk on just the balls or heels of the toes to relieve pressure is also ineffective. If these home treatments do not work for you, it is time to see an expert. Although I haven’t attempted it, I did have a friend who said that acupuncture is handy to treat the condition.